TLD, sometimes called a domain extension, is the last part of a domain name (not the whole address). For illustration, the TLD for www.junglenavigator.com/faq/ is “.com”.
It is a TLD with at least 3 characters (e.g. .com) that operates directly under the policies established by ICANN processes for the global Internet community. Some can be used freely, some are reserved for special usage (e.g. .gov) and are called sponsored top-level domains (sTLD). Simply put, a generic TLD is any other than a country top-level domain (ccTLD).
It is a TLD used for a country a sovereign state, or a dependent territory, e.g. .at for Austria.
Unfortunately not now. Recently it has become possible to apply for a TLD, however it was not easy and the cost was $185k. That made it clearly unsuitable for a small businesses or individuals. However, you can register a second-level domain with a new domain extension instead.
It is the middle part of a domain name (not the whole address). For illustration, the second-level domain for www.junglenavigator.com/faq/ is “junglenavigator”.
It is a company or an organization which controls a particular top-level domain (TLD). For example, the .com TLD is controlled by VeriSign . The new .ferrari TLD will almost certainly be controlled by the Ferrari company.
It is a company or an organization that provides second-level domain registrations. For example, Namecheap.com is a domain Registrar.
It is a holder of a second-level domain name. E.g. if John Smith registers johnsmith.com, he is the Registrant of the second-level domain "johnsmith".
An abbreviation of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers - the organization that controls and maintains all TLDs. Find out more at www.icann.org/.